Landline phone service

Landline phone service:- 

While telecommunications has evolved from trunk to touch, most people are unaware of its history. The new generation, which is glued to the smartphone at all times, may not know that in 2016 there were about 206 million users of landline phone service in China, 121 million users in USA and 33 million in the UK.

To know more about landline phone service, it is imperative to understand the history of telecommunications and its journey from the telegraph to the touch phone. The seed of telecommunications was planted by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 when he was first given the patent to develop a devise that would enable people to communicate over long distances. The first landline was developed with the help of wires connecting one residence to another and from there to another. The sound waves carrying the message of the speaker was converted into electrical form and transmitted through the wires. However, since it was not feasible to cover a large number of people, this system was soon abandoned and a new switchboard system.   

Under this system, the subscriber had to call the operator and mention the name of the person he wants to speak to. The operator would dial the number and through a connection of jacks, cables and patch cords on the switchboard route the call through to the other person. Even though the process was long, the number of subscribers was always increasing.



Another turning point in the history of landline phone service was the invention of the transistor in 1947. This marked the beginning of digital telephony.

Now, landline phone service includes features like caller id, call forwarding or call diversion, speed dial, call waiting or call on hold, call block or call screening facilities and voice mail or voice recording facilities.
Landline phones have also witnessed structural changes during this long journey. It has evolved from switchboard and cable telephony to self-dialing and cordless era. In the 1980s, the standards for the International Services Digital Network were released. With digital networking, the speech quality of telephone calls improved drastically leading to further rise in popularity of the landline phone service. Meanwhile, the handset moved from cords to cordless. 

As various studies indicate, the landline phone service is losing its market to the mobile phones which are more popular with the youth. A research conducted by Pew Research Centre revealed that in 2013 about 91% of adults in the United States owned and used cellphones.  Yet another survey conducted in 2017 revealed that only 45.9% households in the US had landlines. Despite dwindling numbers and stiff competition from rising mobile subscriptions, there is still a dedicated lot that uses and enjoys the landline phone service.

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